RSB Certification for Sustainable Biofuels

Do you know about the potential of biofuels to lower greenhouse gas emissions and foster sustainability?

corn to biofuel

The Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB) is dedicated to promoting sustainable biofuel production and utilization.

Founded in 2007, the RSB aims to offer a reliable and all-encompassing sustainability standard for biofuels.

By encouraging sustainable biofuel production and consumption, the organization aspires to reduce GHG emissions, enhance energy security, and aid rural development.

Let’s discover more about the RSB's mission, principles, certification process, and influence.

Short Background

In 2007, a coalition of organizations from diverse sectors, such as NGOs, industry associations, and academia, established the Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB).

The RSB's objective was to create a global standard for sustainable biofuels, ensuring their production and use in an environmentally, socially, and economically sustainable manner.

The RSB's governance structure comprises a board of directors, working groups, and a secretariat. The board sets the strategic direction while working groups tackle specific sustainability areas. The secretariat is responsible for managing daily operations.

RSB's principles and criteria for sustainable biofuels, which encompass all aspects of sustainability, form the foundation of their standards and certification process.

biofuel production

These principles were developed through a multi-stakeholder consultation process, involving input from NGOs, industry associations, governments, and other stakeholders.

RSB's certification process consists of application, evaluation, certification, and monitoring and verification stages.

Biofuel producers submit an application, detailing their production processes and sustainability practices. The RSB evaluates the application and performs an on-site audit to confirm compliance with sustainability criteria.

If the producer satisfies the criteria, the RSB grants a certificate, permitting the RSB logo to be displayed on their biofuel products. To ensure ongoing compliance, the RSB conducts regular monitoring and verification.

The RSB's standards and certification process is widely acknowledged as a credible and comprehensive approach to sustainable biofuels.

Over 200 biofuel producers in more than 40 countries, with a production capacity exceeding 10 billion liters of biofuels annually, have been certified by the organization. RSB-certified biofuels are employed in various sectors, including transportation, aviation, and energy production.

RSB's Principles and Criteria

The RSB's principles and criteria are based on a holistic approach to sustainability that takes into account the environmental, social, and economic impacts of biofuel production and use.

The seven principles and criteria are:

GHG Emissions

The GHG emissions principle is vital in the RSB's Principles and Criteria for evaluating biofuel sustainability.

Fossil fuel production and consumption contribute significantly to global GHG emissions, leading to climate change.

Biofuels can help combat climate change by reducing GHG emissions, but a considerable reduction compared to fossil fuels is required for sustainability.

Biofuels must be produced and consumed in a way that minimizes GHG emissions throughout their life cycle, from feedstock production to end-use.

This approach means avoiding significant GHG emissions from land-use changes like deforestation or converting natural habitats into farmland.

Additionally, the biofuel production process must reduce emissions from agricultural practices such as fertilizer use and tillage. The RSB mandates at least a 50% reduction in GHG emissions compared to fossil fuels.

The RSB acknowledges that various biofuels have different GHG emissions reduction potentials, setting specific targets for each type.

For instance, sugarcane ethanol must achieve a 70% reduction in GHG emissions, given its higher reduction potential than other biofuels like corn ethanol or biodiesel.

sugar cane plant

Measuring and verifying GHG emissions reduction is crucial for meeting these criteria. Biofuel producers must use scientifically accepted methods to measure and report their GHG emissions reduction compared to fossil fuels.

Third-party auditor verification is also necessary to ensure accurate claims and compliance with RSB criteria.

Social and Environmental Impacts

The RSB's social and environmental impacts principle is a critical aspect of assessing biofuel sustainability.

This principle aims to mitigate potential negative impacts on biodiversity, ecosystems, and local communities.

Biofuel production must undergo a social and environmental impact assessment, evaluating potential effects on natural habitats, water and soil quality, and local communities.

The assessment also identifies strategies to mitigate adverse impacts and enhance positive ones.

A crucial criterion is avoiding the conversion of high carbon stock or high conservation value lands.

High carbon stock areas store substantial amounts of carbon, and their conversion can release large carbon amounts into the atmosphere, contributing to climate change.

High conservation value lands possess significant biodiversity or cultural value and require protection.

Another criterion involves avoiding negative impacts on soil and water quality. Biofuel production must avoid soil degradation through excessive tillage or nutrient depletion, and sustainably manage water resources, preventing contamination from agricultural chemicals and preserving water availability for local communities and ecosystems.

Lastly, the RSB requires implementing a grievance mechanism, allowing local communities to express concerns and address complaints related to biofuel production.

This mechanism ensures affected communities have a voice in the process and can offer feedback to improve sustainability practices.

Economic Development

The economic development principle is fundamental to the RSB's Principles and Criteria for evaluating biofuel sustainability.

This principle acknowledges the positive economic impacts of biofuel production on local communities and aims to ensure equitable and sustainable benefits.

To meet this principle, biofuel production must emphasize local employment and improve smallholder farmers' livelihoods.

This approach means creating jobs and economic opportunities for local communities, including small farmers.

Biofuel production can also offer additional income for farmers by enabling them to cultivate energy crops alongside food crops. The RSB mandates fair wages and working conditions for workers.

Biofuel production must also benefit local communities economically. Economic advantages from biofuel production should be fairly and equitably distributed within the local community. This distribution can include investments in local infrastructure and social programs, like schools and health clinics, to support community development.

A critical criterion for this principle is ensuring that biofuel production does not negatively impact food security or result in land grabbing.

Biofuel production must not compete with food crops for resources and must not contribute to small farmer displacement or land grabbing. The RSB requires that biofuel production avoids negative impacts on food security or land grabbing.

Food Security

The food security principle is vital in the RSB's Principles and Criteria for assessing biofuel sustainability.

This principle considers the potential competition between biofuel production and food crops for resources, leading to food shortages and hunger.

It also recognizes biofuel production's possible contribution to deforestation and land-use change, negatively affecting food production and causing food shortages.

To meet this principle, biofuel production must assess its impact on food security. This assessment evaluates potential effects on food production, availability, and accessibility, identifying strategies to mitigate negative impacts and enhance positive nes.

A crucial criterion for this principle is avoiding competition with food crops. Biofuel production must not compete with food crops for resources, using non-food crops, waste biomass, or agricultural residues to minimize competition.

Another criterion involves using feedstocks that don't contribute to deforestation or land-use change.

Biofuel production must avoid impacting food production negatively through deforestation or land-use change.

This approach means avoiding feedstocks from high carbon stock or high conservation value areas, prioritizing feedstocks from degraded lands.

The RSB also acknowledges the essential role smallholder farmers can play in biofuel production and the additional income streams biofuels can generate for them.

However, biofuel production must not displace smallholder farmers or result in land grabbing. The RSB requires biofuel production not to infringe on land rights or lead to land grabbing.

Human Rights

The human rights principle is crucial in the RSB's Principles and Criteria for evaluating biofuel sustainability.

This principle acknowledges the potential impact of biofuel production on human rights and aims to ensure workers' rights and indigenous peoples' rights are respected.

fair labor right

To meet this principle, biofuel production must treat workers fairly and protect their rights.

This approach means providing fair wages, ensuring safe working conditions, and allowing workers to form unions and engage in collective bargaining. Forced or child labor must be avoided in biofuel production.

Respecting indigenous peoples' rights is another critical criterion for this principle. Biofuel production must respect indigenous peoples' rights to their lands, territories, and resources.

Indigenous peoples must be consulted and provide their free, prior, and informed consent before biofuel production on their lands. Indigenous peoples' traditional knowledge and cultural practices must also be respected.

The RSB mandates that biofuel production doesn't infringe on land rights or lead to land grabbing.

Biofuel production must not displace smallholder farmers or contribute to land grabbing, avoiding infringement on land rights or forced eviction of local communities.

Traceability and Transparency

The traceability and transparency principle is vital in the RSB's Principles and Criteria for assessing biofuel sustainability.

This principle emphasizes that the entire supply chain, from feedstock sourcing to biofuel end-use, must be traceable and transparent to ensure sustainability.

To meet this principle, biofuel production must implement a clear chain of custody system tracking feedstock origins.

This system should trace feedstock back to its origin, documenting each step in the production process. The chain of custody system should also monitor feedstock quantity and quality.

Another criterion for this principle is maintaining records allowing verification of compliance with sustainability standards.

Biofuel production must keep accurate, complete records of the production process, including feedstock production, processing, transportation, and end-use.

These records should be accessible for third-party verification to confirm biofuels meet sustainability criteria.

Transparency is also a critical aspect of this principle. Biofuel production must share information about the production process and the sustainability criteria used to evaluate biofuel sustainability. This information should be available to the public and stakeholders, such as affected communities, consumers, and investors.

The RSB also requires biofuel producers to be transparent about their sustainability performance.

Biofuel producers must report their performance, including GHG emissions reduction, social and environmental impacts, economic benefits, and compliance with sustainability criteria.

Continuous Improvement

The continuous improvement principle is a vital aspect of the RSB's Principles and Criteria for evaluating biofuel sustainability.

This principle acknowledges that sustainability is an ongoing process, and biofuel producers must continually enhance their sustainability performance to meet evolving standards and best practices.

To meet this principle, biofuel producers must create and implement sustainability plans.

These plans outline specific actions that biofuel producers will take to improve their sustainability performance. Sustainability plans should be based on regular sustainability audits, which assess the biofuel production process and identify areas for improvement.

Engaging in stakeholder consultations to identify improvement areas is another criterion for this principle.

Biofuel producers must engage with stakeholders, including local communities, NGOs, and government agencies, to pinpoint sustainability issues and areas for improvement.

Stakeholder consultations can help biofuel producers understand the local context and prioritize sustainability improvements aligned with stakeholder priorities.

The RSB also requires biofuel producers to commit to continuous improvement in their sustainability performance.

This commitment means that biofuel producers must monitor and report their sustainability performance and make improvements based on the results.

Biofuel producers must also demonstrate a willingness to adopt new sustainability practices and technologies as they become available.

Continuous improvement is essential for biofuel sustainability, as it ensures that biofuel producers are constantly working to enhance their sustainability performance.

By developing and implementing sustainability plans, conducting regular sustainability audits, and engaging in stakeholder consultations, biofuel producers can identify and address sustainability issues and continuously improve their sustainability performance over time.

RSB Certification Process

The RSB certification process is a thorough and rigorous process designed to ensure that biofuels meet the highest sustainability standards.

The process involves several steps, each of which plays a critical role in ensuring that biofuel producers meet the sustainability criteria set by the RSB.


The first step in the RSB certification process is the application stage, which necessitates submitting a comprehensive application to the RSB.

It is crucial for biofuel producers to supply precise and complete information about their production methods and sustainability practices.

The application mandates a thorough description of the biofuel production process, including feedstock types, energy consumption, and waste generation.

Additionally, producers must outline their sustainability practices, detailing social and environmental impacts, and how they ensure biofuel sustainability.

To enhance success in the application stage, biofuel producers should consider these tips:

An example requirement in the application stage is describing how biofuel sustainability is ensured.

This could involve procuring certified sustainable feedstocks, utilizing renewable energy, and adopting waste management practices to minimize environmental impacts. Producers may also need to explain their contributions to local social and economic development, such as supporting local farmers or creating employment opportunities.


The evaluation stage, a crucial step in the RSB certification process, entails a thorough review of the biofuel producer's application to determine compliance with sustainability criteria. Conducted by the RSB, the evaluation may require additional information.

During this stage, the RSB scrutinizes the application to confirm adherence to sustainability criteria.

The production processes and sustainability practices are assessed against RSB principles and criteria. An on-site audit is also included to verify the consistency of sustainability practices with the application.

Additional information or documentation, such as environmental impact assessments or sustainability reports, may be requested by the RSB during evaluation.

This could encompass details on feedstock sourcing, waste management practices, and social and environmental impacts.

Successful evaluation leads to the next stage, where the biofuel producer receives certification and can use the RSB logo on their products.

To increase success chances, accurate and comprehensive information must be provided during the application stage, as the RSB evaluation is rigorous and thorough.


Upon successful completion of the evaluation stage, the certification stage confirms the biofuel producer's adherence to RSB sustainability criteria. The RSB issues a certificate, allowing producers to use the RSB logo on their biofuel products.

The RSB logo, a widely recognized symbol, assures consumers that the biofuel was produced sustainably and meets stringent standards.

The presence of the logo indicates the producer's compliance with RSB principles and criteria and a rigorous certification process.

Certified biofuel producers can use the RSB logo on their products, boosting consumer confidence in the biofuel's sustainability. The logo also assures customers of the producer's commitment to sustainable practices and a thorough certification process.

The certification stage is vital for biofuel producers, as it demonstrates their dedication to sustainability and offers assurance to consumers. Using the RSB logo on biofuel products can help access new markets and enhance the producer's reputation.

Monitoring and Verification

The final stage in the RSB certification process is monitoring and verification, which involves regular activities to confirm that certified biofuels maintain compliance with sustainability criteria. The RSB conducts periodic audits of certified biofuel producers to ensure adherence to these criteria.

Audits encompass on-site inspections, production record reviews, and key personnel interviews. Random sampling and testing of certified biofuels may also be performed by the RSB.

The RSB certification process plays a vital role in ensuring biofuel sustainability. It includes several steps: application, evaluation, certification, and monitoring and verification.

Biofuel producers must provide detailed data on their production methods and sustainability practices.

The RSB evaluates this information to determine if the producer meets sustainability criteria. Upon meeting the criteria, producers receive certification and can use the RSB logo on their products.

Regular monitoring and verification activities are conducted by the RSB to ensure certified biofuels' ongoing compliance with sustainability criteria.

The RSB certification process involves various stakeholders, such as biofuel producers, auditors, NGOs, and government agencies.

While biofuel producers implement sustainable practices, auditors verify compliance with RSB standards. NGOs and government agencies offer oversight and support for the certification process.

RSB's Impact

The RSB has significantly influenced the biofuels industry and sustainability efforts. With over 200 certified biofuel producers in more than 40 countries, RSB represents a production capacity exceeding 10 billion liters of biofuels annually. RSB-certified biofuels have been utilized in sectors such as transportation, aviation, and energy production.

The RSB's approach has also enhanced sustainability practices within the biofuels industry.

Producers have adopted sustainable practices, like water use reduction, soil health improvement, and biodiversity protection, to comply with RSB standards.

However, challenges and limitations exist, such as the time-consuming and costly certification process, which may hinder accessibility for small-scale producers.

Ensuring certified biofuels don't support unsustainable land-use practices, like deforestation, also remains a challenge.

Despite these hurdles, successful RSB-certified biofuel projects exist, like a Brazilian sugarcane biofuel project that achieved a 90% GHG emissions reduction compared to fossil fuels while implementing sustainable practices and fair labor conditions.

RSB's Future Outlook

RSB's ambitious plans include expanding its certification program to cover other bio-based products like bioplastics and biochemicals and strengthening collaborations with sustainability initiatives like the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris Agreement.

Emerging trends and challenges in the biofuels industry, such as increasing demand for biofuels potentially competing with food crops and leading to negative environmental and social impacts, will need to be addressed by the RSB.


RSB plays a vital role in promoting sustainable biofuel production and use. The organization's principles and criteria establish a comprehensive and credible sustainability standard.

The RSB certification process ensures biofuels meet these standards, benefiting producers and users.

Sustainable biofuels are crucial for achieving global climate goals and reducing GHG emissions. Stakeholders should support RSB's mission to ensure sustainable biofuel production and use, contributing to a more equitable and sustainable future for all.